Saturday, 27 September 2014

Assebmly language program to display a message

Assembly Language Programming is an indigenous programming method used for PCs. An assembly language programmer has to understand the internal architecture of the Processor and he has to program accordingly.

The program given here is a simple example for printing a message on the console.

Before going for assembly language programming make sure that you have installed TASM or MASM assembler in your system.

Then type your program using any editor and save it with an extension .asm.
(see program hello.asm.)

Source Code


     ; This program prints the message "Hello world" on the console

     ;Defines data segment
     data segment
        ; data is the name of the data segment
        ; msg is the variable used to store message
        msg db "Hello world$"
     data ends

     code segment ; defines code segment where program code is available

        ;tells the assembler about active segments.
        assume cs:code,ds:data

        ; logical beginning of the program
     ;data segment register(ds) has to be initialized explicitly
     mov ax,data
     mov ds,ax

     ;use the DOS interrupt function (09h) to display a string.
     mov dx,offset msg ; address of the string must be available in dx reg.
     mov ah,09h
     int 21h

     ; following lines are necessary to bring
     ; the program control back to the DOS prompt
     mov ax,4c00h
     int 21h
 code ends
 end start


Hello world

How to test this program on your computer

Assembling/Compiling the program
To compile/assemble the program use command like TASM <program> or MASM <program>
as shown below.

E:\TASM>tasm hello.asm
Turbo Assembler  Version 3.1  Copyright (c) 1988, 1992 Borland International

Assembling file:   hello.asm
Error messages:    None
Warning messages:  None
Passes:            1
Remaining memory:  459k


Then link the program using TLINK command as explained below.

E:\TASM>tlink hello
Turbo Link  Version 2.0  Copyright (c) 1987, 1988 Borland International
Warning: no stack


Finally to see the output simply type the program name on the command prompt.

Hello world

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